Disaster Risk Reduction Awareness among Junior High School Students of Surigao City


  • Perla O. Padernal Surigao State College of Technology
  • Emmylou A. Borja Surigao State College of Technology




Disaster Risk Reduction, Natural Hazards, Awareness


This study determined the level of awareness on disaster risk reduction issues on natural hazards among the public junior high school students of Surigao City. It used the quantitative research design specifically the descriptive-survey. Percentage and Frequency Count, Mean and Standard Deviation and One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Bonferroni Post Hoc Test were the statistical tools utilized for the study. Findings revealed that majority of the respondents are females. Most of them reside along coastal areas. They are more exposed to broadcast media than print media and most of their parents’ educational attainment is only high school level. The public junior high school students are generally aware of disaster risk reduction issues associated with the natural hazards. There is a significant difference on the level of awareness when the respondents were grouped according to sex on issues about earthquake, typhoon, landslide, volcanic eruption and flood. Furthermore, a significant difference also existed on the level of awareness of the respondents as to disaster risk reduction issues. The following conclusions were drawn: The K-12 curriculum of the Department of Education and symposia on disaster awareness of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council of Surigao City are effective in disseminating information concerning disaster risk reduction to junior high school students. Females are more vigilant than males on disaster risk reduction issues on earthquake, typhoon, landslides, volcanic eruptions and floods because they are more sensitive about the environmental issues which are attributed to the gender role that they play in the society. Students are more aware on how to reduce risk on natural hazards that often occur in Surigao City which is the typhoon as compared to other calamities.


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How to Cite

Padernal, P., & Borja, E. (2016). Disaster Risk Reduction Awareness among Junior High School Students of Surigao City. Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies, 3(2), 136. https://doi.org/10.21016/ICEPSS.2016.FE27WF112O