The Canonicity of Juan Crisostomo Soto and his Masterpiece Alang Dios! in Kapampangan Literature From 1932 to 2013


  • Mildred M. Crisostomo Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University



canonicity, literary god, metacriticism


The study focuses on the canonicity of Juan Crisostomo Soto better known as “Crissot” and his masterpiece, Alang Dios’—reviews, critical essays, theses, and dissertations from 1932 to 2013. These materials are seemingly one in blindly praising and placing him in a pedestal worthy a literary god. The present study is an attempt at tracing how the canonization came about. What was the context? What was the necessity? Informed by John Guillory’s theory on canon-formation, Michel Foucault’s author-function, and Virgilio Almario’s “makapangyarihang pagbasa,” this present work critically analyzes the criticisms about Juan Crisostomo Soto and his masterpiece Alang Dios! Using close reading and metacriticism to disclose the assumptions, norms, and context involved in the criticisms, findings show that the critics were one in their use of methods and means like press, newspapers, academe and other agencies, relevant situations and celebrations to canonize Juan Crisostomo Soto and his masterpiece. This means that the unanimous criticisms resulted into a sense of identity and valor for every Kapampangan and Kapampangan Literature as a whole amidst colonial subjugations and promising literature across regions.


Aguas, J. (1963). Juan Crisostomo Soto and Pampangan Drama. Quezon City: University of the Philippines | GS

Almario, V. (1992). Kung sino ang kumatha kina Bagongbanta, Ossorio, Herrera, Aquino de Belen, Balagtas, atbp. Metro Manila: Anvil publishing Inc. | GS

Capitulo, A. (1933). “Crissot Acknowledged Best Poet Ever Produced in Pampanga Province,” The Tribune, Pampanga Carnival Supplement, pp.6-8

Del Castillo, T. (1937). A Brief History of Philippine Literature

Delos Reyes, H. (2013). A Deconstruction on the Social and Cultural Discourses in Juan Crisostomo Soto’s Alang Dios! Through New Historicism Perspective Angeles City: Holy Angel University

Foucault, M. (1972). The Archeology of Knowledge. Trans. A.M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Pantheon Books | GS

Galang, R. (1938). “Crissot,” Philippine Magazine, v.35, pp. 382-383, 392

Galang, Z. (1935). Encyclopedia of the Philippines, v. 2, pp. 286-288

Guillory, J. (1990 and 1995). Canon. In Frank Lentricchia and Thomas McLaughlin, eds. Critical Terms for Literary Study. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press

Gutierrez, F. (1932). Parnasong Capampangan ding Ibpa ning Amanung Sisuan Typescript

Icban-Castro R. (1981). Literature of the Pampangos. Manila: University of the East Press

Lacson E. (1984). Kapampangan Writing: A Selected Compendium and Critique. Manila: National Historical Institute

Mallari, J. (2011). Indigenizing the Zarzuela: Kapampangan Ethnocentric Adoption of the Foreign Genre. Coolabah, no.5, ISSN 1988-5946 Observatori: Centre d’ Estudis Australians, Universitat de Barcelona

Manlapaz, E. (1976). Notes Towards a History of Pampangan Literature. Philippine Studies, vol.24, First Quarter

Manlapaz E. (1981). Kapampangan Literature, A Historical Survey and Anthology. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press

Manuel, E.A. (1955). Dictionary of Philippine Biography. Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications

Mendoza, E. (2003). Revisiting the Historical Data Papers on Microfilm as Source of Kapampangan History. Kapampangan Research Journal. Angeles City: Holy Angel University

Nava, C. (2001). History & Society in the Novels of Ramon Muzones. Quezon city: Ateneo de Manila University Press  | GS

Perez, A. (1969). A Survey of Pampango Literature. A typescript

Reyes, S. (1989). 200 TAON NI BALAGTAS: Mga Bagong Pagtanaw at Pagsusuri. Manila: Balagtas Bicentennial Commission

Reyes, M.L. (2010). Banaag at Sikat: METAKRITISISMO AT ANTOLOHIYA. Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts | GS

Scott, W. (1968). Five Approaches of Literary Criticism. London: Collier MacMillan Publishers | GS

Singsing, vol.6, no.1 (2012). Bravehearts, Kapampangan Rebels, Radicals, and Renegades who changed Philippine History. Angeles City: Center for Kapampangan Studies

Singsing, vol.2, no.2. Bacolor One Brief Shining Moment. Angeles City: Center for Kapampangan Studies

Sunga, E. (1973). Isang Pag-aaral sa mga Tula ni Juan Crisostomo Soto: Ang Ama ng Panitikang Kapampangan. Angeles City: Angeles University Foundation

Tagala, C. (2006). Saling Akda sa Filipino ng Sarswelang Kapampangan “Alang Dios” ni Juan Crisostomo Soto: Basehan sa Paggawa ng Banghay Aralin sa Pagtuturo ng Panitikan. Angeles City: Angeles University Foundation

Torres, M. L. (1990). Kritisismo sa Kritisismo: Teorya at Praktika hinggil sa Nobelang Tagalog. Quezon City. University of the Philippines



How to Cite

Crisostomo, M. (2020). The Canonicity of Juan Crisostomo Soto and his Masterpiece Alang Dios! in Kapampangan Literature From 1932 to 2013. Conference Proceedings of Educational Paradigm, Systems and Strategies, 2(1), 21.